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SCOTTISH LITURGICS AND CHURCH ARCHITECTURE: A Study of a Transplanted Kirk on Prince Edward Island

This paper will endeavour to explore the relationship of public liturgy and the use of space in one specific ecclesiastical tradition, the post-Reformation Scottish Reformed Church, and particularly apply this to Prince Edward Island with brief reference to the larger global context. The paper contends that this liturgical practice issued in spacial design between c. 1560 and c. 1860 that was unique and often not fully recognized in church architecture.

Islanders may be familiar with John Marshall Hunter’s architectural gem – the rebuilding of St. Dunstan’s Cathedral (Basilica) and his redesign of its interior – truly an Island architectural masterpiece. Yet despite this achievement and contribution to Prince Edward Island’s built heritage, John Marshall Hunter’s other architectural contributions to the Island (domestic, ecclesiastical, commercial, public and monumental artistic) and also the influences that shaped him as an architect remain virtually uncharted territory. This paper is an effort to explore his Glaswegian architectural roots and to highlight one of Hunter’s architectural contributions to Prince Edward Island beyond St. Dunstan’s.

In the light of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, this article will explore a neglected area of Reformation studies namely the reformation of space for public worship in the past and the present. The article has three parts: first, a general survey of worship space at the eve of the Reformation; second, the response of the Magisterial Reformers (with a focus upon those who would be classified as reformed) to the space for public worship by principle and actuality; and third, the ongoing use of space for public worship chiefly in the evangelical and reformed tradition. On this final point specific examples will be included concerning public worship space in the contemporary context. 

Reformed Presbyterian Church Architecture -

Then and Now

in Papers: CSPH (2018)

Jack C. Whytock 


SEVEN ARTICLES related to architecture in The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization are as follows:


“Anglo-Saxon Art and Architecture”


“Carpenter Gothic”

“Celtic Cross”

“Palladio, Andrea”

“Scott, Sir George Gilbert”

“Stave Church”

George Thomas Kurian, ed. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization, 4 volumes. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Available for purchase at Wiley Online Library. 


Click here.


Served on the in-house editorial team for four books: 


Heritage House of Prince Edward Island (2006); 


Inside Heritage Homes: Two Hundred Years of Domestic Architecture on Prince Edward Island (2008);


Building for Democracy: The History and Architecture of the Legislative Buildings of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick (2010);


Building for Justice: The Historic Courthouses of the Maritimes (2015).